Abstract: Most survey results agree that there is a current and ongoing shortage of skilled cybersecurity workers that places our privacy, infrastructure, and nation at risk. Estimates for the global Cybersecurity Workforce Gap range from 2.72 million to 3.5 million for 2021 and the United States’ estimates range from 465,000 to 600,000 open jobs as of November 2021. The most optimistic estimates still demonstrate a critical issue. Many approaches to this problem take a siloed approach of improving or introducing cybersecurity curriculum at a younger age, focus on point in time training and certification, or skills development through internships, apprenticeships, and work experience. Solving this problem requires an integrated approach that incorporates education, training and certification, and experience that is accessible to all, at any age or experience level. This paper conducts a review of current government initiatives and legislation that recognizes and addresses the cybersecurity education and workforce development problem. Additionally, standards and curriculum available for K-12, Community and 2-Year Colleges, and 4-Year and beyond institutions will be outlined to cover the educational aspects of the problem. Further, skills development through certifications, On-the-Job-Training (OJT) and internships / apprenticeships, experiential learning, and work experience will be discussed. Finally, a CyberEducation-by-Design methodology will be introduced with a proposed framework.
Download this article: CPPJ - V2 N1 Page 50.pdf
Recommended Citation: Wagner, P., (2023). CyberEducation-by-Design. Cybersecurity Pedagogy and Practice Journal2(1) pp 50-65. http://CPPJ.org/2023-1/ ISSN : Forthcoming. A preliminary version appears in The Proceedings of EDSIGCON 2022